Prospective epidemiologic surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia in children in San José, Costa Rica Artículo académico uri icon


  • Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable death in children. Methods: This was a 2-year prospective, population-based surveillance conducted in 2007–2009 in children aged 28 days to 36 months presenting to participating healthcare centers. Eligibility criteria for study inclusion were as follows: temperature ≥ 39.0 °C within 24 h and/or clinical suspicion of IPD or pneumonia. Results: 8801 subjects were enrolled. Median age: 14.5 months. A total of 25 children had invasive pneumococcal disease with S. pneumoniae isolated from nonduplicative cultures (22) or detected solely by PCR and a clinical picture consistent with IPD (3). Sources of positive cultures (some children had >1 positive culture) were: blood (20), pleural fluid (4), and cerebrospinal fluid (3). Of the 3 cases detected solely by PCR, 2 were from cerebrospinal fluid and 1 from pleural fluid. The overall IPD incidence rates for culture-positive only cases for children aged 28 days to.  Conclusions: There is a considerable burden of IPD and pneumonia in children in San José. These epidemiologic data serve as a baseline to evaluate the effectiveness of the incorporation of new conjugate pneumococcal vaccines into the National Immunization Program in Costa Rican children.

fecha de publicación

  • 2012

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